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Ankle Sprain

The ankle is the most frequently injured joint in sports. An ankle sprain is stretching and tearing of ligaments fibrous bands connecting adjacent bones in a joint. There are many ligaments around the ankle and these an become damaged when the ankle is forced into a postion not normally encountered.
Cause
 
The most frequently seen sprain occurs when weight is applied to a foot which is on an uneven surface, and the foot "rolls in". This is called inversion sprain. Because the sole of the foot is pointing inward as force is applied, the ligaments stabilizing the lateral - or outside - part of the ankle are stressed. Irufa Industrial Group can design the anke supports with customer to prevent or reduce the severity of ankle sprain.
Syndrome
 
Many patients report hearing a "snap" or "pop" at the time of the injury. This is usually followed by pain and swelling on the lateral aspect of the ankle.
Treatment & Prevation
 

The following procedure is the most import initial magnemet of a sprains :

R - rest

I - ice

C - compression

E – elevation

 

Many of the problems resulting from sprains are due to blood and edema in and around the ankle. Minimizing swelling helps the ankle heal faster. The RICE regimen facilitates this.

Rest - no weight bearing for the first 24 hours after the injury (Possibly longer, depending upon severity)

Ice - apply Cold therapy, using Irufa cold gel pack or cold therapy series products to the area that is painful. Be careful to avoid frostbite. Ice should be intermittantly applied for the first 24 hours.

Compression - using Irufa's ankle supports, wraps or elastic bandage should be applied to the ankle to help prevent the accumulaton of edema.

Elevation - elevating the ankle helps in removing edema. By having the foot higher than the hip (or heart), gravity is used to pull edema out of the ankle.

Not to do following thing which might increase swelling in the initial 24 hours

* hot showers

* heat rubs (methylsalicylate counterirritants such as "Ben Gay", etc..

*hot packs

*drinking alcohol

* aspirin - prolongs the clotting time of blood and may cause more bleeding into the ankle. (Tylenol or Ibuprofen may be taken to help with pain, but will not speed up the healing process)

 

Not to do following thing which might increase swelling in the initial 24 hours

* hot showers

* heat rubs (methylsalicylate counterirritants such as "Ben Gay", etc..

*hot packs

*drinking alcohol

* aspirin - prolongs the clotting time of blood and may cause more bleeding into the ankle. (Tylenol or Ibuprofen may be taken to help with pain, but will not speed up the healing process)

Degree of severity of ankle spains :

Grade I - stretch and/or minor tear of the ligament without laxity (loosening)

Grade II - tear of ligament plus some laxity

Grade III - complete tear of the affected ligament (very loose)

Sugested Ankle Brace
AN-SF-11 AN-SF-12 AN-SF-13 AN-SF-15 AN-B-12
AN-N-11
AN-N-12
AN-N-13 AN-N-14 AN-S-14